MU Extension guide lists first, last frost dates by region

Pat Guinan
Associate Extension Professor of Climatology
University of Missouri

March 15, 2021

COLUMBIA, Mo. - Spring and fall can be anxious times for gardeners. At the beginning of the growing season, you want to start the garden as early as possible, and at the end you hope for a few extra harvest days.

An online resource from University of Missouri Extension makes it easier to predict first and last frost dates for your specific region. The Missouri Frost/Freeze Probabilities Guide is available at

"These data can be used for making an informed decision when it comes to planting and assessing climatological risk associated with light, moderate and hard freezes in your region during the spring and fall," said Pat Guinan, climatologist for MU Extension.

The website provides frost/freeze probabilities, tables, maps and dates using data from the National Center for Environmental Information, based on information collected from 1981 through 2010.

Features of the site include median date point maps, which provide the last spring and first fall median frost/freeze dates for various temperature thresholds, Guinan said. There are median date contour maps and extreme date point maps. These maps are also available as printable high-resolution PDFs. The site also has county-level frost/freeze probability tables based on weather station data.

The guide provides a general representation of frost/freeze probabilities in your region, Guinan says, but users also need to consider local factors that may affect temperature, such as terrain, elevation and urbanization. "Local anomalies due to microclimates are definitely something to consider when using the guide."

There's about 300 miles between the northern and southern boundaries of Missouri, and the state's growing season can typically run from April to October. Having a guide that separates data by county and regions can help you make informed decisions about when to plant and harvest plants that are sensitive to the cold, Guinan said.

The frost/freeze guide is also available as a printable PDF at

Pat Guinan's list of weather resources is at

Image available for this release:

Map from MU Extension's Frost/Freeze Probabilities Guide.

Map from MU Extension's Frost/Freeze Probabilities Guide.

Sources: Pat Guinan, 573-882-5908 or