November 2019 Weather and Its Impacts on Missouri

Pat Guinan
State Climatologist
University of Missouri Extension

A cold October weather pattern spilled into the first half of November with milder conditions during the latter half of the month, Figure 1. Preliminary data indicate the average statewide November temperature was 40.3°F, 3.5 degrees below the long-term average. It was the second consecutive November with below normal temperatures, Figure 2, and sixth cooler than average month for the year, Figure 3. There were numerous reports of record low temperatures established across the Midwest during the week of November 11-16, Figure 4. Missouri’s coldest temperatures occurred on November 12-13, Table 1.

Lowest November 2019 Temperature
Station Name* County
Low Temp (℉) Date
Williamsburg Callaway -2 12
Smithville Lake Clay -1 12
Shelbina Shelby -1 13
Unionville Putnam 0 12
Conception Nodaway 1 12
Tarkio #2 Atchison 1 12
Novelty Knox 1 12
Albany Gentry 2 12
Independence Jackson 2 12
Columbia-Bradford FarmBoone 2 13
*NWS Cooperative Network or Missouri Mesonet
Table 1.

Preliminary precipitation data indicate an average statewide total of 2.83 inches, only 0.06” below the long-term average, Figure 5. It was the third month with below average precipitation for 2019, Figure 6. The Jan-Nov 2019 statewide average precipitation was 52.23 inches, making it the 5th wettest Jan-Nov on record, Figure 7.

According to monthly radar estimates, Figure 8, precipitation amounts increased moving southeastward through the state. Lightest amounts occurred over far northwestern Missouri where less than 1-inch was reported and 1-2 inches were common across the rest of northern Missouri and west central sections. Much of central and east Missouri received 2-3 inches and 3-5 inches were common over southern sections, generally along and southeast of I-44. There were numerous reports of 6-7 inches across far southern Missouri and in the Bootheel. A CoCoRaHS observer near Ava, MO, in Douglas County, reported 8.19 inches for the month.

A significant snow event impacted parts of central and east central Missouri on November 11-12, Table 2.

Heaviest Snowfall Reports, November 11-12, 2019
Station Name* County
Snowfall (in.)
Columbia 2.3SE Boone 4.8
Middletown 3.5SW Montgomery 4.3
Kingdom City 3.2NNWCallaway 3.8
Silex 3E Lincoln 3.3
Columbia UofM Boone 3.0
Louisiana Pike 2.7
Ballwin 0.5NNW St. Louis 2.5
St. Charles 2.3NE St. Charles2.5
Boonville 0.5ESE Cooper 2.4
*NWS Cooperative Network or CoCoRaHS Network
Table 2.

As of November 24th, the Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service reported 98% of the topsoil moisture supplies were in adequate to surplus condition statewide, and 98% of the subsoil moisture supply as adequate to surplus. Winter wheat was reported to be 77% emerged and 41% in good to excellent condition. The majority of hay supplies and other roughages, 89%, were reported adequate to surplus, and 98% of stock water supplies were adequate to surplus.

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Columbia, MO November Daily Max/Min Temp Normal vs 2019

Figure 1.

Missouri Average November Temperature 1895-2019*

Figure 2.

Missouri Monthly Temperature Departure from Average* Jan - Nov 2019**

Figure 3.

Daily Low Temp Records Broken Nov 11 - 16, 2019

Figure 4.

Missouri Avg November Precipitation 1895 - 2019*

Figure 5.

Missouri Monthly Precip Departure from Avg Jan - Nov 2019**

Figure 6.

Missouri Jan - Nov Avg Precipitation 1895 - 2019*

Figure 7.

Radar Estimated Precip for November 2019

Figure 8.

Missouri Average Temperature November 2019

Missouri Average Temperature Departure November 2019

Missouri Accumulated Precipitation November 2019

Missouri Accumulated Precipitation Departure November 2019

Source: Pat Guinan, 573-882-5908